Friday, November 14, 2008

Robert Gagne’s Instruction Design Model; “The Nine Events of Instructions”

Robert Gagne’s Instruction Design Model;
“The Nine Events of Instruction”

  • What are the Nine Events of Instruction?
  • How are these events related to the learning process?
Robert Gagne
  • American educational psychologist
  • Conditions of Learning
  • Instructional Theory
  • Instructional Design Model
According to Robert Gagne, there are nine events that activate processes needed for effective learning. Instructional Design Model
  • Gagne created a nine-step process called The Events of Instruction
  • The events of instruction are related to the learning process
  • The events of instruction lead to various learning outcomes
  • The events of instruction support the internal processes of learning
Gain Attention
  • Capture the attention of those learning (animated tutorial)
  • Stimuli that ensure reception of coming instruction
Inform Learner of Objectives
  • Internal process of expectancy
  • List of learning objectives
  • Level of expectation for learning
  • What will the learner be able to perform after the instruction?
  • Motivate the learner to complete the lesson
Stimulate Recall of Prior Learning
  • Recall of existing, relevant knowledge
  • Retrieval to working, short-term memory
  • Previous experience, previous concepts
  • Correlate new information with prior knowledge
Present Stimulus Material
  • Display the content
  • Pattern recognition; selective perception
  • New content (chunked, explained, then demonstrated)
  • Multimedia (audio, video, graphics)
Provide Learner Guidance
  • Guidance on the new content
  • Chunking, rehearsal, encoding
  • Assist learners in order to encode information for long-term storage
  • Guidance strategies (case studies, examples, mnemonics)
Elicit Performance
  • Practice (new skills or behavior)
  • Confirm correct understanding
  • Demonstrating learning
  • Retrieval, responding
Provide Feedback
  • Specific, immediate feedback on learner's performance
  • Reinforcement, error correction
Assess Performance
  • Post-test, final assessment
  • No additional coaching; feedback
  • Mastery of material
Enhance Retention and Transfer
  • Determine whether or not the skills were learned
  • Apply the skills that were learned
  • Retention, retrieval, generalization


Gagne's Learning Outcomes'slearningoutcome.html
Gagne's Nine Events of Instruction --'snineevents.html
Conditions of Learning
Conditions of Learning: Exponent/Originator
Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction
Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction: An Introduction

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